18.4 To Ζήτημα της Υστέρησης


Ball L. (2014) Long-term damage from the Great Recession in OECD countries, NBER Working Paper, No 20185, May.

Blanchard O., Leigh D. (2013) Growth Forecast Errors and Fiscal Multipliers, American Economic Review: Papers and Proceedings, vol. 103(3), pp. 117-120.

Blanchard O., Summers L. (1986) Hysteresis and the European Unemployment Problem, NBER Macroeconomics Annual, Volume 1, MIT Press.

Fatás A., Summers L.H. (2016) The Permanent Effects of Fiscal Consolidations, NBER Working Paper 22734.


Further Reading List

Abowd J.M., Tirupam G., Lars V. (2013) Assessing the Natural Rate of Unemployment, Labor Dynamics Institute.

Ball L., Daniel L., Loungani P. (2013) Jobs and growth are still linked (that is, Okun’s Law still holds), VOX.

Ball L. (2009) Hysteresis in Unemployment: Old and New Evidence, NBER Working Paper No. 14818.

Blanchard O., Diamond P. (1990) The Cyclical Behavior of the Gross Flows of U.S. Workers Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity.

Blanchard O. (2012) Jobs. Jobs. Jobs. Getting the Labor Markets Working Again, IMF DIRECT.

Blanchard O., Jaumotte F., Loungani P. (2013) Labor Market Policies and IMF Advice in Advanced Economies During the Great Recession SDN/13/02, IMF.

Blanchard O., Jaumotte F., Loungani P. (2013) Unemployment, labour-market flexibility and IMF advice: Moving beyond mantras, VOX.

Calvo G., Coricelli F., Ottonello P. (2012) US unemployment: Neither natural nor unnatural, VoxEU.

Candelon B., Dupuy A., Gil-Alana L. (2008) The Nature of Occupational Unemployment Rates in the United States: Hysteresis or Structural? No. 3571, IZA.

Diamond P. (2013) Cyclical unemployment, structural unemployment, IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 61(3), pages 410-455, August.

Ebeke C., Everaert G. (2014) Unemployment and Structural Unemployment in the Baltics, IMF Working Paper No. 14/153.

Galí J. (2015) Hysteresis and the European Unemployment Problem Revisited, CEPR.

Gumbau‐Brisa F., Olivei G.P. (2013) An Evaluation of the Federal Reserve Estimates of the Natural Rate of Unemployment in Real Time, No. 13-24, Research Department Working Papers.

Gustavsson M., Osterholm P. (2007) Does Unemployment Hysteresis Equal Employment Hysteresis? The Economic Record.

Herz B., Rens T.V. (2011) Structural Unemployment, CREI.

Lazear E.P., Spletzer J.R. (2012) The United States Labor Market: Status Quo or A New Normal? NBER Working Paper No. 18386.

Mohan R., Kemegue F., Sjuib F. (2007) Hysteresis in Unemployment: Panel Unit Roots Tests Using State Level Data, MPRA.

Orlandi F. (2012) Structural unemployment and its determinants in the EU countries Economic Papers 455, Economic and Financial Affairs.

Paul B., David A.G., Benjamin M.S. (2013) The great reversal in the demand for skill and cognitive tasks, NBER Working Paper No. 18901

Plotnikov D. (2014) Hysteresis in Unemployment and Jobless Recoveries, IMF Working Paper No. 14/77.